Los Angeles is one of cinema's most enduring geographical muses. Just ask the L.A. Film Festival, which has introduced a new sidebar consisting of 11 movies “set, shot or inspired by” the epicenter of the film industry. Called L.A. Muse, the program recognizes that there's something intrinsically cinematic about the porous borders separating one neighborhood from the next, ubiquitous palm trees, snaking freeways and anxiety over the supposed Big One.

In one film

Strangely, the connection to L.A. is either implicit or nonexistent in a number of these selections. Holbrook/Twain: An American Odyssey is about Hal Holbrook's perennial one-man show, and the performance for which he spends much of the film preparing is in San Luis Obispo.

See also: The Ins and Outs of the L.A. Film Festival

Just as tenuously connected to the category are Nightingale, which explores a veteran's monomaniacal obsession with a fellow former soldier; the drug-addiction/demonic-possession parable Inner Demons; and Dreams Are Colder Than Death, a winsome meditation on the realities of being black in America 50 years after the March on Washington. That the setting of these films is incidental to the plot suggests either abstruse programming or the possibility that certain films just didn't fit anywhere else. (Four other movies — The Ever After, Eat With Me, Supremacy and The Road Within — couldn't be screened in time for this article.)

Damian John Harper's Los Ángeles isn't set here either, but it best embodies the idea of the city as concept: nebulous and unknowable. For the impoverished residents of a village in southern Mexico, this city of angels represents both a distillation of the American dream and the fear that even their best shot for a better life might not be so great. L.A. is spoken of — often in the same sentence — as both a land of nonpareil economic opportunity and a jungle in which those who don't join a gang are killed. Everyone is either coming back from an extended stay here or dreaming of one day arriving; older members of the community who've been to Los Angeles seem just as mystified by it as the teenagers who've yet to cross the border.

The best film in the section, Los Ángeles is a stark reminder that California Dreamin' is often just a dream — a rose-tinted ideal whose ability to get you through the day is offset by the fact that it may not exist.

L.A. represents a similar promise in Jessica Prediger and Jess Weixler's Trouble Dolls. The co-directors star as roommates who head westward after being evicted from their New York City apartment, initially as an escape but then as a potential windfall when they receive the opportunity to audition for a talent/reality show called That Special Something. Their whirlwind stay has less to do with the city itself than with working out their close-but-strained relationship, but the idea of L.A. as an escape from reality, however fleeting, is a staple of the genre.

A low-key romance starring Mamie Gummer and Tony Okungbowa, Amanda Marsalis' Echo Park is one of the more overt depictions of L.A. in the section. An early scene shows how driving here isn't just a means of getting from point A to point B but the way we take in and internalize our surroundings. Sophie's move from Beverly Hills to Echo Park is meant to represent an awakening, a shift from the superficial to the authentic and real—the latter represented by independent record stores, food trucks and neighbors who actually know one another by name.

Los Angeles is one of the most cinematically documented cities in the world, and yet such depictions of its neighborhoods remain relatively rare. Marsalis' portrayal of Echo Park feels lived in, offering a ground-level view that may not emphasize the typical glitz and glamour associated with L.A. but will certainly ring true with locals.

The reason Sophie moves across town in the first place? A bad breakup: “He's in Beverly Hills and I had to put the entire Sunset Boulevard between us,” she explains to her new neighbor.

The eponymous neighborhood isn't just the background here but the context for, and catalyst of, the entire narrative. “Echo Park is not reality,” Sophie's jilted ex will tell her later, which is beside the point even if it's true: the movies have long shown that our perception of L.A. has never needed to be based in reality in order to be worthwhile and compelling.

See also: The Ins and Outs of the L.A. Film Festival

See also: L.A. Film Fest 2014: A New Section of Films About Los Angeles

LA Weekly