Photo by Michal DanielIn short, there’s simply not
A more congenial spot,
Than here in Camelot.
—Lerner and Loewe
What a miserable pair: the angriest maid in Louisiana,
and the dourest little boy, who lives in the house where she works. She’s black
and impoverished; he’s white, Jewish and privileged. It’s November 1963. Even
in the swamps of Lake Charles, you can hear the gunshots from Dallas, the felling
of the president and, with it, the beginning of the end of Camelot.
Against this backdrop in Tony Kushner and Jeanine Tesori’s surprisingly
exuberant musical, Caroline, or Change (now at the Ahmanson, imported
almost intact from Broadway), and partly based on Kushner’s childhood, Caroline,
the maid (Tonya Pinkins), laments the absence of the husband who beat her, and
the burden of rearing three children on $30 per week. (The fourth is fighting
in Vietnam.) Meanwhile, in more financially stable circumstances, 9-year-old
Noah Gellman (Benjamin Platt) yearns for his mother, dead from cancer, and the
attentions of his ever-more-reclusive father, who finds refuge in an upstage
bedroom, piping out his own grief on a clarinet.
Caroline, or Change pivots and catapults from the duo of
Caroline and Noah. They, like everyone else, mostly sing rather than speak,
and in motifs rather than through melodies. The reason for this makes perfect
sense: Their mutual despondency is operatic. In fact, she can hardly stand the
kid, who hangs on to her like a wet scarf. Their emotional friction rattles
louder than spoken speech. No way is she going to chatter amiably to anyone
until, reaching fever pitch, she breaks into song about her ex: “I’m going
to wash that man right out of my hair.” Caroline had probably reached this
fever pitch by the ’50s. That man is still in her hair like dry dung. She’s
been living with the lingering stink, and scrubbing for years to no effect,
and she’s exhausted. All she’s got left is the seething rage from squandered
hopes and insufficient funds, and of course she’s got the church.
One day, Noah’s stepmother, Rose (Veanna Cox), vexed by the boy’s
cavalier treatment of money (which he leaves in pockets stuffed in the laundry),
offers to Caroline any small change she finds in Noah’s dirty trousers — a quarter
here, a nickel there. There could probably be no gesture more well-meaning and
insulting at the same time, no charity more emblematic of American apartheid.
As in Mamet’s American Buffalo, money is a great divider; the smaller
the change, the higher the wall it represents. Caroline’s no fool. Scrounging
for pennies, she gets the metaphor. At first she deposits the found change in
an empty bleach jar, to be returned. Noah, however, leaves change deliberately,
hoping it will fall into the hands of Caroline’s children — a family he prefers
to his own, at least in his fantasy. Eventually, Caroline takes the bait. Her
son needs dental work, and she’s behind on the rent.
With Hanukkah comes Rose’s father, Grandpa Stopnick (Larry Keith),
an old communist from New York City, who presents Noah with a season’s greeting:
a $20 bill — but not before a lecture on how “you rip your gold from a
starving man’s mouth.” (Rose chides her father to shut up and just give
the boy his present.) After Noah accidentally leaves the bill in his trousers,
and wants it back from Caroline, the result is an emotional atomic bomb.
THIS WISP OF A PLOT anchors what’s really a whompin’ American
hymn: half gospel, half davening, an ode to despair and a prayer for deliverance
that marks a kind of culminating synthesis of two remarkable talents — those
of Kushner and director George C. Wolfe. With Tesori, the pair shaped this musical
through months of workshops at the New York Public Theater.
Wolfe’s influence is indelible. If you’ve ever seen his early
play The Colored Museum, you’ll recognize his penchant for turning inanimate
objects into characters. In The Colored Museum, there were talking hairpieces.
Here, we have a gyrating washing machine (Capathia Jenkins, who floats above
the grubby appliance like Aunt Jemimah); the radio — a glittery, doo-wopping
Supremes-like trio (Tracy Nicole Chapman, Marva Hicks and Kenna Ramsey) sashaying
across the stage in glittery golden wraps; and a green-lit demonic dryer (Chuck
Cooper), who keeps pecking at Caroline’s frustrations. Finally there’s the gal
in the moon (Aisha de Haas), waxing and waning and watching the small change
in Caroline’s fist, and the big change in America’s soul. All of these animations
poke into the swamp of Caroline’s life while providing vibrancy and tenderness
to an otherwise solemn journey.
Wolfe also created Bring In ’da Noise, Bring In ’da Funk,
which is really The Colored Museum — a history of African America — set
to music and dance. Noise/Funk had no plot, just the progression of history.
The entire spectacle was wagered on the premise that oppression and fury breed
the most resonant and joyous music and dance. Wolfe stages Caroline from
much the same bet.
Riccardo Hernández’s set design contains Wolfe’s trademark
two-dimensional shape-shifting — the silhouette of a house, a suspended bed,
a frame of thicket forest, with shadows yielding to pools of white light, or
embellished by washes of rich primary colors.
Tesori has great fun with contrapuntal motifs at a Hanukkah dinner,
playfully jumping between the white diners and the black servants with intersections
of “Hava Nagila” and the blues. (The scene of fiery political debate
contains echoes from James Joyce’s The Dead.) The musical pastiche of
anthems and fugues — from Christmas carols, to Mozart, to R&B — keeps melody
largely at elbow’s length. But Tesori drops the elbow at strategic moments:
The Lake Charles Bus (Cooper) announces Kennedy’s assassination in a ballad
that recalls “Old Man River”: “The earth has bled! Now come the
flood. Apologies for being late, making everybody wait. I am the Orphan
Ship of State! Drifting! Driverless! Moving slow ’neath my awful freight of
Grandma and Grandpa Gellman’s (Alice Playten and Reathel Bean)
fugue/duet, “JFK, JFK, beat the Russians, saved the day,” has such
a sudden burst of emotion-inducing melody, you can almost hear Little Orphan
Annie crooning “NYC.“ The showstopper, near play’s end,
falls in the middle of Caroline’s regret for sniping at Noah with an anti-Semitic
rhetorical bullet. At about this point, Rick Bassett, Joseph Joubert and Buryl
Red’s rich orchestration reverts to the tinkling of a piano and the beginning
of Caroline’s spiritual: “Murder me God down in that basement, murder my
dreams so I stop wantin’. Tear out my heart, strangle my soul, turn me
to salt, a pillar of salt. Don’t let my sorrow make evil of me.”
The musical could have, should have, ended right there, where
it cuts to the marrow of Caroline’s woe and self-knowledge. Dramatically, there
is no place else to go, but it keeps going anyway, with an extended epilogue
devoted to Caroline’s children, and the prospect of social transformation. This
excess can be attributed to a combination of Kushner’s chronic political optimism
and showman Wolfe’s instinct that you win Tony Awards by ending with uplift,
Still, this is the most beautiful, soulful and smart musical to
roll through these parts in a long time — poetry in motion, actually. Amid an
excellent ensemble, Pinkins’ glaring Caroline shows the amazing palate of emotional
hues residing between stoicism and despair. Platt’s Noah (he alternates with
Sy Adamowsky) also turns melancholy into a theatrical virtue, and Cox’s Rose
is nicely clipped and torn.
EVER SINCE THE DAYS of Show Boat — which ached to
turn the American musical away from vaudeville and toward grand opera — the
genre has sustained dual branches: plays whose first aim is to peer into darkness
and shed some light while dipping into humor, and those whose driving purpose
is to offer comedic/exotic diversions from life’s drudgeries, while maybe dipping
into small puddles of pain. The two branches certainly share elements of both
art and entertainment, but their primary motives are as distinctive as Porgy
and Bess is from South Pacific.
There’s no question on which branch Caroline has -flowered.
Kushner’s play holds a flashlight’s beam into the darkest recesses of the American
psyche in general, and of his central character’s in particular. Caroline’s
detractors complain of stasis when, in fact, Kushner’s action is the movement
of the light. To this aim, he shows a singularity of purpose and his usual penetrating
But I envy Kushner’s belief in social progress, embodied by the
image of Caroline’s daughter, Emmie (Anika Noni Rose), helping tear down the
statue of a Confederate bigot. It’s a bit like Athol Fugard, still basking in
the glow of apartheid’s collapse. But look at South Africa now. Then look to
America, and ask if Camelot is the norm or the aberration in the flow of our
history. Kushner’s epilogue was supposed to show Camelot as a beacon of possibility.
Instead, it filled me with almost unbearable sadness.
CAROLINE, OR CHANGE | By TONY KUSHNER and JEANINE TESORI
At the AHMANSON THEATER, MUSIC CENTER, 135 N. Grand Ave., downtown | Through
December 26 | (213) 628-2772