A three-week trip to an ashram in the Indian town of Ahmednagar in 1981 shifted Susan Feniger's (Street, Top Chef Masters, etc.) aesthetic and approach as a chef. Before then, her professional purview was almost exclusively located within traditional French restaurants on the East coast to the West, including Ma Maison in Los Angeles with then-chef Wolfgang Puck.

“I was completely blown away by the flavors. It really changed the direction of my palate and what I was drawn to,” says Feniger. “I loved the whole culture. It was my first introduction to bangles and I've worn a million bangles of all different styles ever since then. I'm still drawn to those colors too, like turmeric, cayenne and cumin.”

“I got exposed to an Indian kitchen in a very different way than I've ever been with Indian food in this country. I've never seen black mustard seeds. I've never worked with chili seeds toasted in that way. I knew lentils, but I never worked with all these different styles,” says Feniger.

When Feniger returned from her trip, she and long-time business partner Mary Sue Milliken opened City Café, where they introduced vegetarian plates that echoed some of the flavor profiles and culinary lessons she'd learned.

“At the time, vegetarian plates usually consisted of steamed vegetables. We put together a vegetarian plate that would include things like dal, curry, rice, raita and chutney,” Feniger recalls. “Sometimes, it would be sweet and sour eggplant with rice or we might do spaghetti squash with tomatoes and parmesan. The plate was very labor-intensive, but it made for a complete meal.”

They sourced some of their ingredients from a 15-acre garden in Brentwood that opened around the same time as City Café, which grew for them black mustard seed sprouts Feniger brought back from India as well as mizuna and dandelion greens. The chefs would put forth platters of vegetables that were unpopular at the time: parsnip chips, rutabaga purée, and sautéed shaved Brussels sprouts with lime and cumin seed. The vegetables were served family-style alongside entrée orders.

“I remember us discussing how we were going to put forth vegetables people hated — and then see if they'd eat them,” says Feniger. They found that the vegetarian platter would be a popular order even amongst non-vegetarians.

“When we went on our first cookbook tour, I remember Mary Sue and I being blown away by the lack of vegetables on menus. Even on an entrée, you'd get like three snow peas and two baby carrots,” Feniger says. “We were like the opposite of that. We would always have all these vegetables to accompany an entrée because we didn't want someone just to get a steak and order a side of vegetables.”

Their attitude hasn't wavered much — over three decades later with cooking shows, cookbooks and several restaurants, including Border Grill in Santa Monica and then in Downtown.

“At Border Grill, we do an 80/20 menu all the time. Eight percent of the dishes is plant-based, while 20 percent is not. It's just something Mary Sue and I have always believed in.”

The menu at Street comprises a similar ratio, with 65-70% vegetarian or vegan dishes. To Feniger, the content of the dish is not as important as the texture and taste.

“Kasja [Alger, executive chef and partner at Street] and I put a ton of effort into making sure that a vegan dish is as great as the meat or vegetarian dishes, losing none of the richness or full-bodiness. It's about figuring out how to make a vegan dish that's as great as a vegetarian dish that has cheese or a meat dish that might have pork.”

Her first trip to India may have exposed her to newer flavors, but Feniger has long gravitated to vegetarianism. “When I was at the CIA, I did a project where I designed a menu at a vegetarian restaurant.”

At home, Feniger keeps ingredients that allows her to put together a quick dinner for herself and her partner of 18 years, who is a vegetarian. Although she's an omnivore, she finds that she tends to eat vegetarian meals anyway.

“We always have soba noodles, quinoa, rice, sesame oil, ponzu, soy sauce, lentils, and pasta. I always have ginger and tofu in the refrigerator. I have edamame in the freezer. I always have the kinds of things that can sort of last like carrots, parsnips, rutabaga, broccoli and cauliflower,” says Feniger.

'With my go-to stuff, it's dal and rice, soba noodles and vegetables, rice with sautéed vegetables, or rice with furikake [a Japanese condiment], Japanese spices, and tofu. I know if I don't have anything else in the house, I can have a great dinner with these ingredients.”

Turn the page for the recipe …

Susan Feniger; Credit: Mandalay Bay

Susan Feniger; Credit: Mandalay Bay

Burmese Gin Thoke Melon Salad

From: Susan Feniger and Kajsa Alger

Serves: 6

½ small seedless watermelon (2 ½ pounds)

½ ripe cantaloupe melon (1 ½ pounds)

¼ ripe honeydew melon (1 pound)

2 (3-inch) pieces young ginger peeled and minced (1/3 cup); or 2 (3-inch) pieces of regular fresh ginger, peeled and minced (1/3 cup)

¼ cup sesame seeds, toasted

¼ cup lime juice (from 3-4 limes)

¼ cup low sodium soy sauce

½ cup extra virgin olive oil

2 tablespoons plus 1 teaspoon sugar

1 ¾ teaspoons kosher salt

1 cup dried green lentils

2 cups wide-flake unsweetened coconut

1 ¼ cups raw blanched peanuts

4 fresh kaffir lime leaves, chopped

1. Start by cutting up the melons: Trim off the rind of all 3 melons, remove any seeds, and cut the flesh in to ½- inch dice. Put all of the diced melon in a large mixing bowl.

2. In a separate bowl, combine the ginger, sesame seeds, lime juice, soy sauce, ¼ cup of the olive oil, 2 tablespoons of the sugar, and ½ teaspoon of the salt. Mix well and pour over the melon. Toss, and let marinate at room temperature while you prepare the rest of the salad.

3. Put the lentils and 4 cups cold water in a small saucepan set over high heat, and bring to a boil, about 5 minutes. Reduce the heat to low and simmer for 15 minutes. Add 1 teaspoon of the salt and cook for 5 minutes, or until the lentils are tender but not mushy. Drain, rinse with cold water to chill, and then stir into the melon mixture.

4. Combine the coconut, peanuts, kaffir lime, remaining 1 teaspoon sugar, remaining ¼ cup olive oil, and remaining ¼ teaspoon salt in a large sauté pan. Toast the peanut mixture over medium-low heat, stirring it constantly, until the coconut and peanuts have toasted, somewhat unevenly, to a golden brown, 3 to 4 minutes. Remove from the heat and set aside to cool.

5. Just before serving, add the peanut mixture to the melon mixture and stir gently to combine. Serve in a large bowl, preferably at room temperature.

And in related news:

Meatless Mondays: Jet Tila, Thai Vegetarianism + A Recipe for California Fried Rice

Meatless Mondays: Eric Lechasseur, Macrobiotic Veganism + Seed Kitchen's Original Kale Salad Recipe

Meatless Mondays: Becky and Kedist Tsadik, A Modern Ethiopian Supper Club + A Yellow Split Pea Recipe

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