Those who have lived in Los Angeles for any length of time are aware that the Westside has historically been a wasteland when it comes to good and “authentic” Chinese food. Fortunately things are rapidly changing, thanks in large part to the presence of the UCLA student community.
Until the mid-1960s, housing discrimination kept most Westside neighborhoods almost entirely white, resulting in only the most Americanized form of Chinese food being served in area restaurants. Rare is the good and authentic Chinese restaurant that doesn’t have a local base of Chinese diners to serve. Even after housing barriers fell, there was no critical mass of either Westside-based Chinese diners or sophisticated non-Asian diners to justify authentic Chinese restaurants in the area for another two decades.
Even if a good and authentic Chinese restaurant made a Westside breakthrough, such as Shange-La and then Oriental Seafood Inn in Marina del Rey, Hong Kong Royale in Beverly Hills and Unicorn Inn in Venice in the mid- to late 1980s, it was unfortunately not a permanent one, with all eventually shuttering. Also in the late 1980s, strong rumors abounded that Harbor Village, the “big dog” of the era, with its dim sum and seafood branches in San Francisco and Monterey Park, was going to open up on Pico in West L.A., but that never materialized.
It wasn’t until the mid-1990s that respectable Chinese food came permanently to the Westside. You can imagine the joy felt when two Chinese seafood restaurants, J.R. Seafood and VIP Harbor Seafood, opened up on the Westside. These were followed shortly by pan-Asian eateries in Westwood Village such as Noodle Village, Noodle World and Boba World, specifically targeting the growing Asian-American student population at UCLA. And then San Gabriel Valley powerhouse Ocean Star Seafood opened its Royal Star Seafood branch in Santa Monica.
For the next 15 years, Westside Chinese food was pretty much status quo, aside from the normal turnover that marks any dining scene. Indeed, Royal Star actually closed down in 2004, and the 2008 attempt by a restaurant called Munch to target overseas Chinese students attending UCLA fizzled. Meanwhile, in the San Gabriel Valley, a major transformation was occurring. Chinese food shifted heavily away from Cantonese to other regional styles, reflecting the latest immigration patterns. Mainstream restaurant reviewers and diners became more attuned to the Chinese food in the San Gabriel Valley, but Westside Chinese food remained largely the same.
The Westside began to awaken from its Chinese food slumber in 2012 with the opening of ROC Kitchen on Sawtelle. Chef Perry Cheung made headlines before the restaurant’s opening by stating that his goal was to bring “all that is tasty in the San Gabriel Valley” to the Westside. Indeed, prior to its debut, speculation ran on Los Angeles food message boards as to whether ROC Kitchen would be a destination restaurant that might draw diners from the San Gabriel Valley.
ROC Kitchen has proven to be a success in introducing Chinese dishes not previously available on the Westside, such as xiao long bao (soup dumplings), three cups chicken, fried pork chops and Sichuan cucumber salad. In that regard, ROC Kitchen has succeeded in importing San Gabriel Valley dishes to the Westside, attracting an audience of both Asian and non-Asian diners, so much so that additional branches have opened up in Beverly Center and Playa Vista. However, few if any diners would say that the food is comparable to the identical dishes found in the San Gabriel Valley, though diners are rightfully grateful to ROC Kitchen for introducing nice versions of San Gabriel Valley dishes to the area.
In the following two years, Westsiders next cheered the openings of Meizhou Dongpo in the Century City mall and Newport Seafood on La Cienega’s Restaurant Row in Beverly Hills, bringing two large SGV-quality restaurants to the Westside. Though both nicely appointed, there are stark differences between the two, with Meizhou Dongpo representing the new, non-Cantonese SGV and Newport Seafood representing a more traditional Cantonese/Vietnamese end of American Chinese cuisine. Meizhou Dongpo was the first U.S. branch of an upscale Sichuan-style chain based in Beijing, and its choice of a Westside beachhead was interesting. While some accommodation was made to its Westside audience in the form of a friendlier menu, including non-Sichuan items such as Peking duck and xiao long bao, the food is on the correct side of authenticity. And when night falls and the Century City office workers go home, Meizhou Dongpo is still bustling, with a predominantly Chinese clientele. Meanwhile, Newport Seafood represents the old guard, tracing its history back almost 30 years to its original Santa Ana location. It continues to serve a menu very similar to its San Gabriel Valley locations, with its signature House Special Lobster, and other favorites such as crab, shaking beef and basil fish. And here, too, dinnertime is dominated by an Asian dining crowd.
What might be the real game changer had yet to arrive on the Westside. In the past decade, a wave of Chinese college students from mainland China has swept over American universities from coast to coast and everywhere in between. Chinese students attending American universities doubled in number, and then doubled again. It is true that overseas Chinese students have been a staple in our universities ever since the immigration law changes of the 1960s made it much easier for Chinese people to come to the United States. But those foreign students came primarily from Hong Kong and Taiwan, often from working-class families, and with plans to remain in the United States after graduating. Consequently, these students were not as parochially Chinese in their dining preferences. While there was an increased availability of Chinese food around campuses that hosted these Chinese students, the overall effect on the national Chinese dining scene was small.
However, the current wave of students coming from the Chinese mainland to study at American universities is quite different. First of all, these students, often the offspring of wealthy Chinese government officials and business owners, are much more conspicuous in wealth than their predecessors; in many locales, Lamborghinis and Maseratis are synonymous with college students from mainland China. Also, due to their family connections, they are likely to return to China when their studies are done, making them less likely to integrate with local communities and more likely to be partial to their native regional foods. Stark proof of this new paradigm is the fact that there are three times as many boba shops in Iowa City, home of the University of Iowa, than Starbucks locations. Many of these students are from the interior of China, whose regional cuisines had only become recently represented in the United States, and only in select parts of the country.
As a result, particularly in the past five years, in dozens if not hundreds of college towns throughout the country — from Pullman, Washington, to State College, Pennsylvania, to Auburn, Alabama, to Columbia, Missouri, to Kent, Ohio — authentic Chinese restaurants are appearing where they had never been before. Indeed, it is the rare college town today where you can't find dishes such as Sichuan style hot pots, cumin lamb and Chongqing spicy chicken, where less than a decade ago the only place you could easily find them was in our San Gabriel Valley.
The one notable exception to this trend was Los Angeles, where little authentic Chinese could be found within hailing distance of the UCLA or USC campuses. UCLA students were stuck with the on-campus Panda Express and the Americanized First Szechuan Wok in Westwood Village, or the now-closed starving-student favorite, Mongols, on Gayley Avenue. In a way, the lack of Chinese fare close by UCLA wasn’t surprising given Los Angeles' car culture and the plethora of regional Chinese cuisines represented in the San Gabriel Valley. And certainly the eventual openings of ROC Kitchen, Meizhou Dongpo and Newport Seafood alleviated the situation.
But just in the past two years, things have changed. We have seen a number of openings where San Gabriel Valley–style restaurants are directly targeting the UCLA Chinese student community, with these restaurant openings heralded by news stories in the UCLA student newspaper, The Daily Bruin. More or less in chronological order, this is how it has played out.
The opening of Qin West, just outside Westwood Village, at the tail end of 2014 marked the beginning of a new era in Westside Chinese food. And Qin West was the perfect pioneer, as it was previously the first restaurant serving “mainland” Chinese food in L.A.'s Chinatown, specifically a combination of Shaanxi- and Guilin-style food previously confined to the San Gabriel Valley. Signature dishes include liang pi cold noodles, spicy Guilin noodle soup and beef shank noodle soup.
L Kitchen (formerly Top Leaf)
Six months after the opening of Qin West, Westwood Village saw its own real Chinese restaurant in mid-2015 with the opening of Top Leaf. The restaurant was founded by a recent graduate of UCLA from mainland China, along with two fourth-year UCLA students, also from mainland China, who were frustrated that the only Chinese food option in the Village was First Szechuan Wok. The principal founder of Top Leaf returned to China, but another mainland Chinese UCLA alum, who had helped design the Top Leaf menu, recently took over and rebranded the restaurant L Kitchen. Popular dishes include the pork buns (visually similar to the Cantonese BBQ pork buns most of us are used to seeing, but radically different in content), pork hock, chive and egg pancakes, biang biang noodles and braised pork belly.
Koala T Café
Originally opened as a boba parlor in early 2015, Koala T converted several months later into a sit-down restaurant, retaining a boba takeout line. Koala T provided Westwood Village with a taste of authentic Sichuan cuisine, with clay pots, Sichuan-style noodles, Sichuan-style fish soup and numbing spicy fried rice. Other Chinese regional dishes pepper the menu, such as General Tso’s chicken.
The San Gabriel Valley truly arrived in Westwood Village in the late spring of 2016 when the Hacienda Heights–based Northern Café opened, ironically in the space occupied for years by Mongols, the Mongolian barbecue. Interestingly, Northern Café was certainly not one of the better-known San Gabriel Valley Chinese restaurants, but its menu featuring a wide selection of dumplings, noodles and rice dishes aligns perfectly with what Chinese college students are looking for. Beijing meat pies, beef rolls, cumin lamb and Chongqing crispy chicken are other favorites at this restaurant, which has quickly gained a following.
Popcorn Chicken came straight out of Irvine, home of its original location, to land just down the block from ROC Kitchen. Popcorn Chicken clearly is targeting UC students; the chain has another location across the street from the UC Riverside campus. The Taiwanese-influenced menu includes popcorn chicken, fried pork chop, beef noodle soup and shrimp with eggs.
The latest entrant first opened in Mar Vista in 2014 by acclaimed chef and UCLA graduate David Kuo as Status Kuo, a rotisserie restaurant with a couple of Taiwanese dishes thrown onto the menu. After a hiatus, Status Kuo was reborn just weeks ago as Little Fatty, with an exclusively Chinese menu heavily infused with Taiwanese favorites, including three cups chicken, Taiwanese pork chop, pork belly and lamb dumplings. While the location may seem out of place, the neighborhood has always attracted a fair number of UCLA students.
Boiling Crab really isn’t a Chinese restaurant, but it is clearly is part of the wave of UCLA Chinese student-inspired businesses. Representing the Asian Cajun cuisine that originally transplanted from Louisiana to the Orange County Vietnamese community of Westminster, this chain’s San Gabriel Valley locations (as well as numerous San Gabriel Valley copycats) have been adopted by the local Chinese-American community as one of their own. And while quite a few Westsiders have wandered into the Westwood Boiling Crab unaware of the chain’s origins, UCLA’s Chinese students form a big part of the restaurant’s clientele. Eating your crab, lobster or shrimp tossed in a plastic bag full of seasonings of your choice is messy, but for most diners it’s part of the attraction.
First Szechuan Wok
Opening in the late 1980s, its listing here is no joke. Despite being the Americanized foil that triggered the opening of the first authentic Chinese restaurant in Westwood Village, First Szechuan Wok is definitely part of this story. As authentic Chinese food has spread across college towns in the past decade, the void has been filled by a combination of new Chinese restaurant operations and existing Chinese restaurants adapting their menus to the influx of Mainland Chinese students. First Szechuan Wok is the example of the latter here in Los Angeles. While maintaining its Americanized Chinese menu of almost 30 years, it now has blackboard specials listing authentic Sichuan-style dishes. The blackboard specials seem to rotate over time, but items that have shown up include fish in hot oil, spicy beef with potatoes, chicken with dry chili and salt and pepper shrimp.