If Alice in Wonderland were retold by the Mad Hatter, it might look something like Henry Selick’s 3-D, stop-motion Coraline, in which the bored, blue-haired 11-year-old of the title (voiced by Dakota Fanning) travels through the looking glass and ends up in a world that strangely resembles her own — except everyone has buttons for eyes. Well, that plus the minor detail of Coraline’s rabbit hole, which looks more like a papier-maché umbilical cord that extends from a small door concealed by living room wallpaper. And instead of a grinning Cheshire cat, here we have a melancholic black stray, which speaks — as cats are able to on the other side of that wall — in the distinctive tenor of stalwart John Carpenter sideman Keith David.
Nor does the movie’s air of genial weirdness end there: In Coraline’s button-eyed alterna-universe, life is a nonstop carnival, where Coraline’s work-obsessed writer parents are transformed into a pair of gregarious playmates, while her upstairs and downstairs neighbors — an 8-foot-tall Russian circus acrobat (Ian McShane) and a pair of spinster chorus girls (the immortal British comedy duo of Dawn French and Jennifer Saunders) — are restored to their youthful glory. Instead of slimy, good-for-you Swiss chard, dinner is a kingly feast of oven-roasted chicken, mashed potatoes and a literal gravy train. And of course, you can eat as much dessert as you want. Indeed, everything is so practically perfect in every way that Coraline’s only regret is the nightly slumber that inevitably returns her to the slate-colored murk of ordinary life. Until it doesn’t anymore. Which is when all the enchantments of Coraline’s wonderland begin to creak and crack and spill forth their menacing innards.
Based on a 2002 novel by that prince of kid-lit darkness (and 2008 Newberry Medal winner), Neil Gaiman, Coraline takes root in one of the most primal of children’s fantasies — the desire to escape the clutch of parental authority for a life of boundless wish-fulfillment and adventure. And like her many literary and cinematic avatars, from Alice and Dorothy to Jacques Rivette’s Celine and Julie, Coraline is soon to learn that one must always be careful what one wishes for. This is familiar terrain for both Gaiman (whose original screenplay for the 2005 film MirrorMask centered around a teenage girl’s journey through a grim parallel world) and Selick (whose 1996 stop-motion adaptation of Roald Dahl’s James and the Giant Peach remains a modern classic of childhood make-believe at odds with grown-up insolence). But so deep run both men’s imaginations that Coraline is that rare case in which familiarity never risks breeding contempt.
Coraline Jones isn’t the pluckiest or most ingratiating sprite ever to take center stage in a children’s film, and her (mis)adventures aren’t especially novel, but Coraline is still a consistent splendor to behold. With all of the tools of the 21st-century CGI paintbox at his disposal, Selick (who made his feature-directing debut on the Tim Burton–produced The Nightmare Before Christmas) prefers to dwell in the realm of stop-motion, where one is restricted to those things that can be modeled with metal and latex, balls and sockets, and made to move not by binary code but by human hands. (For a glimpse of the process, stay in your seat for the movie’s brief, post-end-credits coda.) That lends Coraline a wonderfully tactile aesthetic befitting a story that takes place not a long time ago in a faraway land but rather in a draughty old boarding house in Ashland, Oregon.
Selick avoids using the movie’s 3-D canvas for ostentatious “gotcha” effects, instead employing the enhanced perspective the way a painter might, adding subtle details of height and distance, which would be diminished in the standard 2-D frame as he slowly envelops us in Coraline’s dueling realities. Best of all, he understands that the most affecting fables are those in which sweet dreams turn out to be trapdoors concealing nightmares. So enter Coraline at your own risk, and watch where you step.
CORALINE | Written and directed by HENRY SELICK, based on the novel by NEIL GAIMAN | Produced by BILL MECHANIC, CLAIRE JENNINGS, SELICK and MARY SANDELL | Released by Focus Features | Citywide