Now that the Weeklys parent company has settled with the Department of Justice, all that remains of the story is our collective amusement at how it was handled by the Los Angeles Times. Tim Ruttens Regarding Media columns on the subject were not simply inflammatory (loose talk of prison terms and multimillion-dollar fines) but as bumbling as Homer Simpson. While it is only human to misspell the name of the Weeklys ex-publisher, Mike Sigman (in two separate stories), it is comically maladroit to write about this papers supposed editorial policy (how its being shaped out of New York, how its deliberately cutting back on news) if one is going to quote a couple of disgruntled ex-employees but not talk to the editors themselves or, for that matter, ever seem to have read the paper. Doh!
Last weekend, Ruttens coverage reached its unwitting climax. His Saturday column was the usual pudding of weird irrelevancies -- letting D.A. Steve Cooley free-associate about his impressions of the L.A. Weekly (a valuable news organ) -- and factual mistakes, such as referring to Harold Meyerson as the Weeklys executive editor. As the Boston Phoenix was quick to point out, Meyerson stopped being executive editor almost 18 months ago, becoming the papers political editor when he moved to Washington, D.C. The masthead, dude, the masthead.
Still, Ruttens story had a happy ending -- for us anyway. On Monday, I opened The New York Times to see that it, not the L.A. Times, had broken the story about the consent decree between DOJ and the alternative-paper chains. Which means that at the very moment Ruttens Saturday column was amping the story up with Cooleys tough-guy maunderings -- the D.A. referred to the two media companies as suspects -- the case itself was actually being settled. And New York--based reporter David Carr was busy scooping Rutten on his prize hometown story in the N.Y. Times, the very publication that his bosses crave to be.
To my surprise, I actually found myself feeling sorry for the poor bastard.
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Over the years, the mainstream press has stolen many things from the alternative press -- writers, formats, attitudes, opinions. But theres one thing it always leaves behind -- belief in writers freedom to express themselves.
Consider the case of L.A. Times art critic Christopher Knight. On January 15, Knight began a review of Track 16 Gallerys The Anti-War Show: The Price of Intervention From Korea to Iraq by calling plans for war with Iraq imbecilic and adding that President Bush has made no coherent argument for an invasion. Two weeks later on the 28th -- State of the Union day -- the paper took it all back. An Editors Note in the Times Page 2 For the Record section disavowed Knights piece and its attack on Bush policy:
It was, in our view, a gratuitous political statement and, as such, a distraction from the legitimate substance of the review. It should not have been published [my emphasis].
Now, Im not surprised that Knights editors were unnerved by his review. His comments on the war were polemical, provocatively so, and I dont doubt that they elicited countless complaints. I can easily see why the Times might have seen fit to run a full page of letters to the editor. But thats far different from saying his words shouldnt have been published, the kind of claim that must put the chill in every Times critic who might venture to connect his or her work to the larger world.
Why would the editors sell out a writer in this way? For starters, nearly all daily papers in this country feel the precariousness of their existence and live in fear of alienating any significant part of their readership -- in this case, Bush supporters who favor invading Iraq. This timidity finds its ideological justification in time-honored bromides about objective journalism -- even if this presumed objectivity concerns the arts, which by definition grow from subjective experience and produce subjective response. Indeed, underwriting the claim that Knights words are gratuitous is the sorry belief that full human engagement with paintings or movies or music or books is somehow inappropriate -- were supposed to consume the stuff, not let it change us. By such a standard, a critic should finally act as a neutral observer whose passionate engagement with the arts should stop short of actually endorsing what they might be saying about the world. Unless, of course, the art is saying something safe and socially acceptable, in which case nobody will notice. Would the Times editors now refuse to publish a review that begins with a flag-waving tribute to our brave soldiers and our heroic policy in Afghanistan?
This benighted vision of whats going too far offers yet one more example of why mainstream arts coverage has become so hopelessly dull. Insisting that theres really nothing at stake, todays editors and producers are willing, indeed eager, to silence those who try to shatter the aura of polite irrelevance that makes our cultural commissars feel safe: Thank God, art doesnt actually mean anything!
Beyond journalism, the Times disavowal of Knights words is another symptom of a political climate that keeps getting spookier. We already lived in a world in which the Super Bowl broadcast -- complete with zooming jets and Marines guarding a magic trick by Penn and Teller -- could serve as the militaristic prequel to Bushs State of the Union address. Now, our art critics have been put on a state of alert.
It has long been an article of faith that Sundance is the home of independent filmmaking. Indeed, during its televised awards show last Saturday night, the festival never stopped praising itself for precisely this virtue, reaching its peak when Tilda Swinton (rather charmingly, I thought) took a swipe at Late Capitalism.
To find the true independent spirit these days, you might do better to look to South Korea, one of the handful of countries that, as Jack Valenti would unhappily tell you, uses quotas to protect its homegrown cinema from being overrun by Hollywood product (to borrow the unseemly term Redford used the other night on the Sundance Channel). The Koreans are famously nationalistic -- they even have their own tiny version of Disneyland, Lotte World -- and they take as much pride in their own culture as do the French. As I discovered when I attended the Pusan Film Festival a couple of years ago, the country is creating one of the most exciting movie cultures anywhere -- everything from pop blockbusters like the action-picture Shiri to the graceful art films of the aging master Im Kwon-Taek.
Of course, American audiences -- even here in L.A. with our huge Korean-American population -- have yet to catch on to this South Korean boom, with such rising stars as the uncommonly gifted Hong Sang-Soo. So it comes as little surprise that virtually no one here has ever heard of one of its finest writer-directors, Lee Chang-Dong, a novelist-turned-filmmaker whose work straddles the multiplex and the art house in his home country. His latest film, Oasis, won five separate prizes at the Venice Film Festival (somehow, it wasnt at Sundance) and is the South Korean entry for the Best-Foreign-Film Oscar.
In a just world, the movie would certainly be one of the five nominees, but I fear Academy voters may find its subject matter too tough: It tells the story of the love affair between a feckless ex-con and a young woman with cerebral palsy who spends virtually the entire film having spastic convulsions, even during a startling, genuinely passionate sex scene. I know the premise sounds like the kind of phony pairing that artists often cook up, but Lee avoids the pitfalls of nastiness or easy sentimentality. Even as he evokes the lovers dreamy romanticism amid all their adversity (in this, his directing recalls Hollywood legend Frank Borzage), he creates a wider sense of life thats novelistic in its richness. Oasis is at once a moving love story, a sharp social comedy and a fierce political commentary on how Korean society cruelly represses outsiders. Its also a triumph of artistic indirection: Not a single scene plays out the way you expect it to. This is the kind of film that gives humanism back its good name, and it speaks volumes about so-called independence that many minor Sundance pictures will get picked up, while Lees internationally acclaimed film has found no American distributor.
Speaking of which, the screening I attended was held at CAA, and the place was eerily deserted -- apparently, all the hustling young agents were on the slopes in Park City. Certainly, none bothered to watch Lees film. In fact, if youre ever trying to hide from an agent, theres no safer place on the planet than the CAA screening room when theyre showing a really good foreign movie.
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