Cocaine Index

Number of Americans who report using cocaine at least once: 1 in 10 1

Year that the active chemical ingredient from coca leaves was first isolated: 1859 2

Year that cocaine-flavored “Vin Mariani” was introduced in France by pharmacist Angelo Mariani: 1865 3

Number of popes who sent letters to Mariani thanking him for the concoction: two 4

Year that Sigmund Freud published the essay “Über Coca”: 1884 5

Year that Coca-Cola was first sold in Atlanta: 1886 6

Year that cocaine was removed from Coca-Cola: 1903 7

Previous Vin Mariani–inspired drink sold by Coca-Cola founder John Styth Pemberton: Pemberton’s French Wine 8

A useful application of cocaine, according to Sigmund Freud: cure for morphine addiction 9

Names of various cocaine-based remedies at the turn of the century: Dr. Tucker’s Asthma Specific, Cola-Bola chewing gum, Ryno’s Hay Fever, Catarrh Remedy 10

First instance of cocaine use on film: Squeedunk (1909) 11

Number of Americans who say that Hollywood glamorizes drug use: 7 in 10 12

Fictional hero of the 1916 film The Mystery of the Leaping Fish starring Douglas Fairbanks Sr.: Coke Ennyday 13


1 Office of Applied Studies, National Institute on Drug Abuse. National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, Table G.6: 11.5 percent.

2Durlacher, Julian. Cocaine: Its History and Lore. (London: Carlton. 2000), 10.

3 Ibid., 11-12.

4 Ibid., 13.

5 Ibid 15; Kevin Williamson, “The Tale of Two Halves,” The Scotsman, November 11, 2000.

6 Durlacher, Julian, Cocaine. (op. cit.) 13.

7 Ibid., ibid.

8 Ibid., ibid.

9 Ibid., 16.

10 Ibid., 20 and 38.

11 Ibid., 78.

12 The Pew Research Center for the People and the Press. “74 Percent Say Drug War Being Lost: Interdiction and Incarceration Still Top Remedies” 21 March 2001 68 percent agree that film and television “industry fails to shows dangers” of drugs.

13 Durlacher, Julian. (op. cit.).

More Calendar News


All-access pass to top stories, events and offers around town.

Sign Up >

No Thanks!

Remind Me Later >