MORE

Art Attack

THE ART WORLD NODS OFF IN THE SUMMER, then springs back to life with a roar in September. Publishers of art books live by the same calendar, and their fall line is upon us. The best of the new books thus far is a catalog from the exhibition "Drawn From Artists' Collections" (published by the Drawing Center, $35, 128 pages). It was published in April, so it's not exactly new, but it didn't start turning up on local coffee tables until July, when the exhibition of the same name opened at the Hammer Museum (it continues there through September 26). Organized at New York's Drawing Center by Jack Shear and Ann Philbin, the Hammer's newly installed director, the show is a selection of drawings from the private collections of 18 artists.

This simple premise is enormously rewarding for the insight it offers into the minds of the artist-collectors, to say nothing of the staggering quality of many of the works. Jasper Johns, for instance, has the privilege of owning choice pieces by Cézanne, Seurat and Odilon Redon. Eric Fischl has three sketches by Gustav Klimt, Terry Winters owns a stunningly odd 1880 drawing by James Ensor, and Brice Marden has an extraordinary Franz Kline. Completed in 1948, the field of feathery black calligraphic marks is decidedly different from the fat slabs of paint Kline is known for. The show features an abundance of backroom oddities of this sort, and if you can't get to the Hammer to see it, the catalog is a reasonable substitute. It includes an essay by the redoubtable Robert Storr (curator at New York's Museum of Modern Art), and it's a splendid book.

A deluge of photography books is hitting the shelves, and among the best of them is Michael Ackerman's End Time City, a photographic essay on Benares, India (Scalo, $50, 135 pages). Seemingly untouched by the 20th century, Benares is a city of pilgrimage, a holy place where people go to die and be cremated, and the line that separates the living from the dead there is hard to locate. Benares pivots on a surreal juxtaposition of violence and beauty, and Ackerman captures it all: the roiling sea of faces, the ubiquitous outstretched palm, packs of dogs racing through the streets, the hunger and exhaustion of poverty, vultures devouring a dead cow, a shamelessly naked man walking down a city street, the piercing gaze of the holy men, a naked child staring at a corpse in the shallows of the Ganges. These are very tough pictures, and Ackerman must have had the unflappable nerve of a combat photographer in order to make them.

William Eggleston has been hailed as America's great master of color photography since he debuted with a solo show at the Museum of Modern Art in 1976. Last year he won the Hasselblad Foundation's International Award in Photography, and to commemorate the event, the foundation has published William Eggleston: The Hasselblad Award 1998 (Scalo, $42.50, 127 pages), a volume of Eggleston's greatest hits, along with some bonus cuts. (The artist is wildly prolific, so it was undoubtedly no sweat for him to dig into his vast archive and toss out a few new pictures.) Anyone familiar with Eggleston's work will recognize many of these images: photographs of Graceland in Memphis, where Eggleston lives; a wealthy white Southerner standing in a field with his black valet; a naked light bulb in a red room; a muddy patch of land; a freezer crammed with food and in need of defrosting. There are lots of old â favorites here, along with several previously unpublished pictures that make the book worth tracking down.

Anthology of the Photography of Africa and the Indian Ocean (Éditions Revue Noire, $85, 432 pages) is a big, fat book that looks inviting, but on opening it you'll be dismayed to find that the text is only in French. Quel problème! Then again, this is a book of images, so it's not an insurmountable obstacle. What is disappointing, however, is that you expect a survey of Africa's recent history depicted photographically, and what you get is exactly what the title promises: a chronicle of Africa's relatively limited photographic traditions, which revolve for the most part around portraiture. There's a substantial amount of intriguing work here, yet it's an oddly unsatisfying book -- and would be, I suspect, even for someone fluent in French.

David Redfern's The Unclosed Eye (Sanctuary Publishing, $30, 176 pages) goes beyond unsatisfying and sails easily into the downright-annoying category. A British artist who's photographed musicians for more than 40 years, Redfern allots less space to his pictures than to his insufferably smug autobiographical text, which tells us loads about the compulsively name-dropping artist and precious little about the people he photographed. An incredible shot of Anita O'Day is printed tiny, for instance, so that Redfern has room to tell us what kind of lens he was using in 1961. Redfern has taken gorgeous pictures of several jazz greats, including Miles Davis and Ben Webster, but he talks too much.

MERRY ALPERN DOESN'T TALK AT ALL. IF you're familiar with her book of 1995, Dirty Windows, you know she prefers to sneak around quietly. To backtrack a bit, Alpern discovered in 1993 that an air shaft in a friend's New York loft afforded a view into a men's club that operated in the building. She spent the next six months surreptitiously photographing the cash-and-carry sex trade through that air shaft, then published the astonishing results. Her new book, Shopping (Scalo, $35, 160 pages), operates on a similar premise; it's a collection of grainy images of people shopping that appears to have been taken with some kind of surveillance camera. Many of the images were taken in try-on rooms, and Alpern's subjects seem unaware of the camera, and incredibly vulnerable. One wonders what legal and ethical issues Alpern grappled with in taking the pictures, and whether she had the permission of her subjects. But the book's absolute absence of text leaves the reader with no clue. We see people evaluating themselves, searching for that transforming garment, hoping for improvement, for beauty, for love. Alpern shows us an abundance of upper thighs dimpled with cellulite, thongs on women who have no business wearing them, and a misshapen old woman struggling into a bathing suit. Is nothing sacred? Apparently not, says this furtive and invasive work. Comparing Alpern's two books reveals a surprising fact: People buying and selling sex wear masks, but a shopper alone in a dressing room is completely revealed.

For a kinder, gentler book, try Paul Graham's End of an Age (Scalo, $40, 104 pages). Consisting of portraits of young people on the threshold of their adult lives, the book takes us into nightclubs in London and New York, where the security blanket of choice is a drink and a cigarette. Some of Graham's subjects are exquisitely beautiful, others look terminally confused; he is clearly moved by all of them, and his pictures have an elegiac quality that's surprisingly affecting. "These are white, Western, monocultural kids, and the future is multicultural," says Graham of his subjects. "Anyone who doesn't realize that is living in a fantasy, so the book is addressing the twilight of an era."

Striking a similar note is Walter Niedermayr's Momentary Resorts (Cantz Verlag, $50, 116 pages). An Italian photographer native to the Dolomite Alps, Niedermayr explores the impact of the leisure industry on nature in pictures that transform the physical world into a form of abstracted minimalism. His panoramic shots of ski slopes are so vast that the people in them are reduced to mere pinpricks of color, and the ski lifts read as scratchy patterns of lines -- they look like Cy Twombly paintings. The pictures grow less abstract as you move through the book, and by the halfway point we're seeing details of ski-lodge architecture (it's relentlessly ugly), Alpine-type housing developments, and the heavy machinery necessary to rape a hillside. Think Richard Misrach's Desert Cantos at high altitude and you'll have an idea of what Niedermayr is up to. There's a bunch of blathery art writing at the back of the book, best ignored.

There's good art writing, on the other hand, in Jim Shaw: Everything Must Go (Smart Art Press, $25, 127 pages), the catalog for the Shaw retrospective that opened in May in Luxembourg. Including short, pithy essays by Doug Harvey and Amy Gerstler, the book also features a Q&A between Shaw and artist Mike Kelley, Shaw's closest friend for more than 25 years. Other than the artist himself, nobody knows Shaw's work better than Kelley, and their conversation is illuminating and fun to read.

Another offering from the drudgery factory is James Turrell: The Other Horizon (Cantz Verlag, $50, 248 pages). One of the founding fathers of the California Light and Space movement, Turrell is an artist of tremendous subtlety who deserves better than this turgid tome. In addition to an incomprehensibly tortured translation of an essay by Peter Noever (let's give Peter the benefit of the doubt and assume he writes decently in his native German tongue) and some philosophical hogwash from Georges Didi-Huberman, the book features a matter-of-fact commentary by Turrell that reveals him to be a straight-talking man of relatively few words. One wonders how he feels about the reams of florid prose that have been produced on his behalf. Also included are floor plans for Turrell works, along with how-to instructions, which are puzzling: Is it assumed readers will attempt to build a Light and Space installation in the family den? Published to accompany an exhibition at the MAK Museum in Vienna, this would be a throwaway but for the fact that it's a serviceable reference book -- and, of course, the pictures are good.