By LA Weekly
By Henry Rollins
By Weekly Photographers
By Shea Serrano
By Nate "Igor" Smith
By Dan Weiss
By Erica E. Phillips
By Kai Flanders
Sludge Doom: Popularized by bands from the southeastern United States, sludge doom takes the doom metal blueprint and infuses it with brief passages of fast-paced hardcore punk and swampy-sounding blues riffs. Examples: EyeHateGod, Crowbar
Notable bands: Isis, Neurosis, Pelican
Here, elements from doom metal and progressive metal are combined with elements of indie rock, shoegaze and ambient music. Vocals are few and far between, and when they do show up they often alternate between growls and world-weary spoken lyrics. Not much headbanging to be found here.
Notable bands: Gamma Ray, Hammerfall, Blind Guardian
Classic literature, folklore and science fiction are power metal's domain. Traditional metal is a backbone, but the guitars are louder and the anthemic choruses often are layered to the point of ridiculousness. Concept albums often tell fast-paced tales of dragons, knights and warriors, with a token ballad or two thrown in.
Metalcore was more popular in the mid-aughts than it is now, but the bands that broke through are still relevant today. Groups blend influences from hardcore with late-'90s Swedish melodic death, and the music often is characterized by screamed vocals during verses and melodic crooning during choruses.
Notable Sub-subgenres of Metalcore:
Deathcore: Hardcore-mosh breakdowns, death metal riffage and vocals that are 100 percent abrasive from start to finish. Examples: Suicide Silence, Carnifex [Corrected July 9, 2012.]
A previous version of this story misidentified the band Carnifex.
Metal 101 :( So many wrong things in this article. Skater thrash is not a thing, that's more like crust. Dismember is not death n' roll, later era Gorefest would had been a better example. Paradise Lost and Anathema ARE not funeral doom, they were death/doom, good examples would had been Esoteric, Evoken and Skepticism. Meshuggah may be the djent main inspiration but they are not really djent, this is not even metal anyway. You got some things right, but there's way better popularizer than you, the ones who know their stuff especially.