By Michael Goldstein
By Dennis Romero
By Sarah Fenske
By Matthew Mullins
By Patrick Range McDonald
By LA Weekly
By Dennis Romero
By Simone Wilson
THE DEA AND THE CITY OF LOS ANGELES are at war over medical marijuana. On one side of the fight is the Drug Enforcement Administration, which seems to be doing all within its power to shut down the 180 or so medical-marijuana collectives (as dispensaries are called) in Los Angeles County.
On the other side is the Los Angeles City Council — which voted on Wednesday, August 1, in a 10–2 vote, to officially regulate the medical-marijuana business, so that scam artists can be rooted out and those who depend on cannabis for health reasons can get the stuff safely from licensed purveyors without threat of arrest and criminal prosecution. Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa is expected to sign what is officially known as the Medical Marijuana Dispensary Interim Control Ordinance within the next few days.
So far, neither side shows signs of bending, and July was a month full of skirmishes. On July 6, the Los Angeles branch of the DEA sent letters to nearly 150 of the landlords in Los Angeles County who rent sites to marijuana collectives, pleasantly reminding property owners that selling cannabis is a federal crime punishable by up to 20 years in the federal pen, and that even peripheral involvement could trigger the Civil Asset Forfeiture Reform Act of 2000 — meaning that the property owners’ land could be confiscated by the U.S. government.
“This letter shall serve notice that, after a thorough investigation, the DEA has determined that a marijuana dispensary is operating on the above described property,” concluded the feds’ cheery missive.
The letter triggered a rash of freak-outs among targeted landlords, causing scores of them to phone the DEA office — and their personal attorneys. “I’d say about 80 percent of the people we sent letters to called us,” says DEA spokesperson Sarah Pullen. She says many wrongly believed that California state law trumps the federal statute.
Attorney William Kroeger, who represents some collectives who rent space in L.A., says that if he represented targeted landlords, “I’d tell them, ‘You should be in court five minutes from now filing eviction papers.’ ”
For its part, the DEA claims it simply sent the letters out as a courtesy, “to inform property owners about the law.” Nobody in city government, or among the medical-marijuana activists, really bought it. “That’s like me saying, ‘I’m just informing you, I’m going to punch you in the face,’ ” says one unhappy collective owner.
Whatever its purpose, the tactic had a chilling effect. Although some property owners vowed to stand their ground, others told their tenants to move out, says Chris Fusco, the Los Angeles County field coordinator for Americans for Safe Access, one of the main medical-cannabis lobbies.
By mid-July, several collectives had closed, including the Earth Collective on Sunset Boulevard east of Normandie Avenue, which posted a note on WeedTracker, the best known of the medical-marijuana forums, that read in part: “Today, July 15, 2007, will be our last day dispensing medicine . . . We would like to thank the entire medical marijuana community . . . for their support throughout our entire campaign.”
Then, on July 25, Los Angeles City Councilman (and former LAPD officer) Dennis Zine held a press conference before the Wednesday City Council meeting, calling for DEA Administrator Karen Tandy to stop threatening property owners and to allow L.A. to proceed with regulating medical-weed distribution without federal interference.
At the council meeting itself, Zine pushed through an “interim control ordinance” that put a temporary moratorium on new outlets in Los Angeles until more detailed municipal regulations are worked out.
“I understand there is a difference between federal law and California law in regards to medical cannabis,” Zine wrote in his letter to Tandy. “Despite the difference, cities and counties must continue to uphold the will of our voters and adopt sensible guidelines to regulate the provision of medical cannabis in our communities.”
But within an hour of Zine’s press conference, about 100 Kevlar-clad DEA agents broke down doors of 10 medical-marijuana collectives, including the already shuttered Earth Collective. At some locations, says Kroeger, the agents even smashed vending machines, ostensibly to make sure none of the snacks contained contraband.
Several council members were furious. “What the feds are trying to do is flex their muscles,” Zine said when told of the raids. “They want to show us who’s boss. We’re not trying to legalize marijuana,” he said. “We’re just trying to regulate it for compassionate use for those who need it.”
Zine blasted the DEA for “wasting federal tax dollars going after people that we’re trying to regulate. These places are well-known. They advertise — you don’t have to go looking for them. Why doesn’t the DEA use those same resources to go after the drug dealers who’re ruining lives in our communities with crystal meth, heroin and cocaine?
“People don’t like it when the government becomes oppressive,” he said. “At heart, I’m a hard-ass cop. And I don’t like it.”
Indeed, it is unclear what was accomplished in the 10 raids. Although 200 kilos of “product” was seized — not surprisingly — and five arrests were made, no charges had been filed as of press time. Of the five arrests, two were for non-drug-related outstanding warrants, admits the DEA’s Pullen. “We aren’t even 100 percent sure yet if the warrants are still active,” she sighs.
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