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“Anyone can cook, but only the fearless can be great.” So goes the personal mantra of the late celebrity chef Auguste Gusteau, whose disembodied spirit materializes — Jiminy Cricket–style — to guide the rodent hero of Brad Bird’s Ratatouille toward his goal of gastronomic excellence. He also seems to be guiding Bird, who makes “cartoons” — a cinematic form usually afforded about as much serious artistic credibility as the slasher movie — but who should be considered one of the most inspired and imaginative storytellers at work in American movies. Not unlike David Chase, who managed to craft an existential epic about work, death and the American family while toiling in that othersubcinematic medium, Bird has taken the raw ingredients of an anthropomorphic-animal kiddie matinee and whipped them into a heady brew about nothing less than the principles of artistic creation.
None of that should come as much surprise to anyone who saw Bird’s two previous features: The Incredibles, with its art deco fever dream of a superhero family hiding out in suburbia, and The Iron Giant, whose titular extraterrestrial robot turned out to be considerably more humane than the flesh-and-blood government agents hot on his trail. Like that movie, Ratatouillegives us a non-human being who refuses to accept the roles prescribed to him by man and ratkind.
When we first meet young Remy (well voiced by comedian Patton Oswalt), his rarefied palate and exceptional olfactory abilities have reduced him to serving as “poison sniffer” for the garbage foraged by his father (Brian Dennehy), his brother and the other members of their colony. But Remy, who refuses to walk on his front paws for fear of dirtying them, prefers to raid the “good stuff” in the kitchen of the elderly Parisian widow whose attic provides the colony with its latest home. Letting his nose guide him, he combines fresh fruits and cheeses and spices in an array of exotic combinations. And when Remy bites into some new flavor, he experiences a kind of synesthesia, “seeing” the taste represented as a series of shapes and colors. Then, opportunity strikes in the form of forced eviction — “Raid!” — separating Remy from his family and landing him on the doorstep of Gusteau’s, the eponymous restaurant of Remy’s favorite chef, now reduced to a glorified tourist attraction following the death of its owner and the removal of one of its five stars by the influential food critic Anton Ego (Peter O’Toole). More on him in a minute.
As luck would have it, Remy’s arrival coincides with that of Linguini (Lou Romano), the bumbling, string bean–thin son of Gusteau’s former girlfriend, who comes looking for work and is promptly assigned to garbage duty by the kitchen staff’s resident dictator, the Napoleonically complicated Skinner (Ian Holm). Linguini too has dreams of cooking up a storm, though his efforts in that direction prove unfit even for rodent consumption. But with a little help from a certain four-legged intruder — who, in a wonderful slapstick conceit, can control the movement of Linguini’s limbs by yanking at the curls atop the human’s head — voilà! From trash heap to magnifique!
As has been widely reported, the Pixar-produced Ratatouillewas begun by another director (Jan Pinkava, who receives a somewhat nebulous “co-director” credit in the film’s end titles) and then taken over by Bird well into the development process. That may explain the vestigial presence of certain subplots (including a rather soap-operaish bit about Linguini’s paternity) and characters (the gamine cook Colette, voiced by Janeane Garofalo, whose tentative romance with Linguini never quite catches fire) that don’t seem to fully engage Bird’s interest. Yet the film is unmistakably Bird’s, not least in its focus on the disparity between art and commerce, and between those lives confined to ordinariness and those meant for Olympian heights. Like the Incredible family themselves, Remy is profoundly conflicted over possessing exceptional abilities in a world that seems to crave mediocrity. (Not for nothing does the movie have Skinner plotting to plaster Gusteau’s mug all over a brand of TV dinners.) But the most provocative gesture of Ratatouilleis surely its vivid exultation in the pleasures of haute cuisine. It’s a slow-food movie for a fast-food nation, being distributed by a company known for its McDonald’s marketing tie-ins.
Ego turns out to be the villain of the piece in more ways than one — figuratively, in the ill-timed hubris that convinces Linguini to believe the puppet can function without its master, and literally, in the form of its fearsome namesake, who lives in a coffin-shaped house and looks like Count Dracula’s malnourished brother. (It turns out that he refuses to swallow any food that isn’t up to his standards.) But lest you think that Bird is taking revenge on some reviewer who did him wrong, I should add that Ratatouilleculminates in — of all things — an explication of the function of criticism that is as eloquently stated as the film’s celebration of the artist. And just when you think Bird has exhausted his recipe book, he pulls off a slapstick climax that combines the sustained restaurant mayhem from Jacques Tati’s Playtimewith an episode of involuntary memory borrowed from Proust.
But fret not, parents: Bird hasn’t made one of those hipster family films that sail over the heads of their intended audience and head straight for the pop-culture savvy of their parents. Ratatouilleis as much a feast for the senses as it is food for thought, from the dazzling photo-realism of its creatures great and small to the impressionistic views of the City of Lights (here rendered as an even more gilded, glittering dream city than in Michael Moore’s Sicko). And, oh, the dinners — delectable soups and sweetbreads and the titular Provençal stew, rendered with the consultation of such real-life foodie deities as Thomas Keller and Jean-Claude Vrinat — which could prompt the kiddies to request a trip to the French Laundry instead of a Happy Meal. Indeed, in today’s DIY moviemaking culture, anyone can direct, but only Brad Bird could have made Ratatouille.
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