Illustration by Miguel ValenzuelaSalman Rushdie doesnt write novels, he writes epics.
If he were a cook,
hed be like the chefs in Shalimar the Clown
, his new opus about love,
terrorism, and the disputed land of Kashmir, where (during peaceful times) diners
were treated to gustatory marathons such as the Banquet of the Thirty-Six Course
Minimum or even the Banquet of the Sixty Courses Maximum. And though Shalimar
clocks in at just over 400 pages, some readers may drop away in exhaustion, bellies
distended, barely able to breathe, long before the main course has been concluded.
That would be a pity, since Shalimar
marks a vast improvement over the authors last novel, Fury
(which could also have been the title of this one). It is unlikely, however, to match the reputation of Midnights Children
(the novel that made Rushdie famous) or The Satanic Verses
(which earned him a fatwa and kept him in hiding for the best part of a decade). Nonetheless, its a return to something like form. When he isnt overegging the pudding or turning every other character into an ethnic caricature in short, when he concentrates on the narrative Rushdie has a damn good story to tell. Its 1991 in the city of Los Angeles, and the distinguished, Jewish, European-born former American ambassador to India, Maximilian Ophuls, has just been assassinated, Muslim-style (butcher knife, near-head-chop), by his Kashmiri chauffeur Shalimar on the doorstep of his 24-year-old daughters apartment. Said daughter, named India, is a 21st-century West Coast immigrant babe: She whips her body into shape at a hip boxing club frequented by the fighting worlds crème de la crème (the cold fury of her hitting made the male boxers pause to watch), practices the martial arts, fires guns at Twentynine Palms, and (her specialty) shoots the bow and arrow with lethal accuracy. All this, as the reader will eventually see, turns out to be useful rather than merely aesthetic and therapeutic.Ophuls gruesome death is treated by the media and police as a political assassination. Shalimar may have been a clown once (tightrope walker, actually), but, the police quickly learn, hes been a mujahedeen and assassin for far longer. As for Ophuls, a Resistance hero in France during World War II, and an ambassador and counterterrorism chief in America, his status as a target is obvious even if the murderers motivation remains obscure. Not to the reader, however, who knows part, if not all, of the story from the beginning, along with the Rushdie-esque credo that underlies it. Everywhere was now a part of everywhere else, he writes, reviving a familiar theme. Russia, America, London, Kashmir. Our lives, our stories, flowed into one anothers, were no longer our own, individual, discrete.
Long ago, in the beauteous valley of Kashmir, Shalimar the clown fell in love
with Boonyi, a Hindu dancer. Such was the magic of her lovemaking that, after
their first roll in the meadow, Shalimar, panting for joy, urged young Boonyi
to stay with him forever. Dont you leave me now, or Ill never forgive you,
he said. Ill have my revenge, Ill kill you and if you have any children by
another man Ill kill the children also.
Its a pretty weird thing for a guy to say while panting for joy, but as it turns out, he means it. And when, in the late 1960s, Ambassador Ophuls, on a visit to Kashmir, takes Boonyi as his mistress, only to cruelly discard her months later, though not before making her pregnant with the girl who will take boxing lessons on Santa Monica and Vine 20-plus years later, the plots geopolitical and highly personal wheels are set in motion. Where the novel bogs down is in the long section dealing with the good old days in Kashmir, when Muslims and Hindus managed to get on, and then the evil days when they did not. One learns a fair amount about the conflict, though thanks to Rushdies magical-realist leanings, its all a bit of a jumble. One of the books epigraphs is the well-known A plague on both their houses from Romeo and Juliet
, and in Rushdies telling, both the Indian army and the Pakistani-backed Muslim freedom fighters who battle them are equally brutal and repellent. Shalimar
is at its best in the moving account of Boonyis disastrous and short-lived career as Ophuls mistress a restrained, horrifying parable of the abuses of masculine power, though Boonyi, it has to be said, is initially all too eager to partake in that power, if not in its abuse and also in its account of Shalimars transformation into an assassin and terrorist. Rushdies portrait of L.A., however, like his depiction of New York in Fury
, is only half-satisfying, and all too often grotesquely cartoonish and slowed by clumsy humor. Christopher Hitchens, in his review of the book in the recent Atlantic Monthly
, called it a highly serious novel, on an extremely serious subject, by a deeply serious man. Well, it might have been, had there been a highly, extremely, deeply serious editor one who had spent some time in Los Angeles on hand to lop off a hundred pages and instruct the author to quit the horsing around, cut down on the tediously verbose eccentrics who all sound alike, whether theyre in Kashmir or L.A., and keep his eye on the narrative ball.
, the new novel from the South African Nobel Prize-winning
gloom-pot, J.M. Coetzee, is not slow. A lean 265 pages (ah, bliss!), it moves
along with considerable pep and zip even though its hero, grumpy 60-year-old photographer
and archivist, Paul Rayment, is first hospitalized and then bedridden until halfway
through the action.
As well as being a photographer, Rayment is a bicycling enthusiast. Bicycling not only keeps him fit and maintains (in his own mind, at any rate) a lingering aura of youth, it also seems to represent the clearest expression in his life of bodily vigor and freedom. In short, he enjoys bicycling, or did, until the opening sentence of the novel: The blow catches from the right, sharp and surprising and painful, like a bolt of electricity, lifting him up off the bicycle.Given that the aforementioned blow comes from a car that has just driven into him, steered (to add insult to injury) by a youngster with wiry hair and spots along his hairline, and that the car has just crushed his right leg, which will soon be amputated, you have to admit that its a pretty nasty opening sentence for any hero, however flawed a human being, to be subjected to. But such is Paul Rayments fate.No more right leg. No more bicycling. No more mobility. Long, tedious, convalescence. A deep melancholy, colored by humiliation, self-pity and remorse, settles over Rayments austere bachelor life in Adelaide, Australia. Will he accept a prosthesis (an artificial, replacement leg), as his doctors urge? Will he rediscover his will to live an active life, however limited, or will he sink swiftly into sulky old age and obsolescence, an embittered cripple? The early signs are not good. Escaping death ought to have shaken him up, opened windows inside him, renewed his sense of the preciousness of life, Coetzee writes. It has done nothing of the sort. He is trapped with the same old self as before, only greyer and drearier. Enough to drive one to drink.Born in France, Rayment was brought to Australia at age six, but has never fully embraced his adopted country. Without a wife (he is long divorced) or children to care for him, no family relations in Australia (his only sibling, a sister, died young) and few intimate friends, Rayment faces a psychologically precarious situation. His biggest regret is not having a son. Absent that, he expects his only legacy to be a collection of rare photographs and postcards of life in the early mining camps of Victoria and New South Wales, which he intends to leave as a bequest to the State Library in Adelaide. Hope arrives in the solid but curvaceous form of Marijana, the Croatian nurse who tends to him daily. A recent arrival in Australia, Marijana has a busy family life (husband, three children) and, still beautiful, seems unlikely to fall for an unhappy one-legged 60-year-old bachelor. But, having fallen in love with her
, Rayment of course dreams that she will, and soon becomes far more involved in her affairs and family than he probably ought to be. In the meantime, a rather more rational prospect of hope, or at least companionship, arrives in the form of Elizabeth Costello, neither young nor attractive, but highly intelligent and eager to form a liaison with Rayment. (She is also the eponymous subject of a previous Coetzee novel, Elizabeth Costello
.) Will our hero chase after the sexy, exotic, unavailable nurse or settle down sensibly with a lady of his own age and cultural background? Careful students of human nature may have the answer already, but this is a pitiless, sometimes frighteningly lucid study of late middle age, physical deterioration and dwindling choices. Cheers!SHALIMAR THE CLOWN
| By SALMAN RUSHDIE | Random House | 416 pages | $26
| By J.M. COETZEE | Viking | 265 pages | $25