By Hillel Aron
By Joseph Tsidulko
By Patrick Range McDonald
By David Futch
By Hillel Aron
By Dennis Romero
By Jill Stewart
By Dennis Romero
(Formerly based in New Jersey; company out of business.)
Date uncertain — Tried to sell 300,000 worth of artillery fuses to Iraq. The shipment was intercepted and the company prosecuted by the U.S. Justice Department. Company pleaded guilty in 1995 to violating Arms Export Control Act. Company fined $500,000 and ordered closed by the court.(return to company index)
1985 to 1987 — Rockwell International sold $7,500 worth or navigational and directional finding radar to Iraqi Army Aviation Ministry. Also sold $86,000 worth of navigational and directional finding radar for airborne communications to Iraqi Airways, listed as a front company for military procurement by the U.S. Justice Department. Company also sold $114,000 worth of navigational and directional finding radar to the Iraqi Air Force.
Rockwell International Collins sold $42,000 worth of navigational and directional finding radar for airborne communication to the Iraqi Air Force Aviation Supply. Also sold $155,000 worth of navigational and directional finding radar for airborne communication, as well as electronic assemblies and integrated circuits to the Iraqi Army Aviation.
The Rockwell entities also sold more than $128,000 worth of navigational and directional finding radar for airborne communication to the Iraqi Ministry of Defense.(return to company index)
1989 — Supplied conveyor-belt systems costing $18,708,365 to Iraq’s State Machinery Trading Company and the Technical Corps for Special Projects. These exports were paid for with a letter of credit from BNL (an Italian bank). The conveyor systems were used for Iraq’s nuclear and Condor II ballistic missile weapons programs, according to evidence from a 1992 Senate Banking Committee.
Company officials confirmed the transactions, also noting that Rotec had difficulty collecting its fee from BNL, said president Steven Ledger. The equipment, he noted, was used to move concrete for construction projects. Rotec did business with Iraq from 1980 until Iraq invaded Kuwait. "We still had two people in Iraq when the invasion occurred and we had to get them out after the invasion," said Ledger. "Since our equipment wasn’t high technology, or restricted, we didn’t have to get any special licenses to sell it." All of Rotec’s sales, he said, were legal under existing U.S. law at the time.
Company owner Robert Oury said that Rotec supplied equipment for five construction projects. Four, he said, were dam projects designed to harness waterpower. "We did a lot to help Iraq’s people, and we are proud of our contributions," said Oury. Neither Oury nor Ledger had any knowledge their equipment was used on military projects. Rotec’s owner also said he supports President Bush’s Iraq police. "And now, I think it’s time for American business to step up to the plate and deliver," he said. "American business can not only help Iraq rebuild its country, but we can also help Iraq and the U.S. repair their relationship." Rotec, he added, is anxious to resume business dealings in Iraq. And he’s hoping the American government’s reconstruction efforts will be wide-ranging. "We need to begin a housing initiative in Iraq," he said. "What would be more valuable to the Iraqi people?" he asked. "Building a bridge, an airport or building a hundred houses for the people?"(return to company index)
1989 — Sold more than $93,000 worth of electronic assemblies, integrated circuits and computers to analyze the performance of coatings on rocket and missile cones to Iraq’s Ministry of Industry and Military Industrialization (MIMI). Company apparently has ceased operations.(return to company index)
1987 — Sold $820,000 worth of antenna testers via German firm MBB, for shipment to Saad 16, Iraq’s primary missile research-and-development site. Company is currently involved in broadband sales.(return to company index)
SCIENTIFIC DESIGN CO., INC.
(Little Ferry, New Jersey)
1989 — Contracted to supply some $5.74 million in engineering technology and catalyst supplies for an ethylene glycol plant that was to be built by Iraq’s State Establishment for Heavy Engineering Equipment (SEHEE). It’s unclear what the projected plant was ultimately intended to produce, as ethylene glycol has many potential uses. However, evidence suggested that SEHEE was a nuclear-weapons/Super Gun (giant cannon) procurement program. Deal was financed with a loan from BNL (an Italian bank). A company spokesman, in an interview, confirmed the contract, but said that work by Scientific Design ended when Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990 and sanctions were initiated against Iraq. The plant was apparently never completed, said corporate counsel Thomas Towell.(return to company index)
(Formerly based in Torrance, California)
1989 — Provided more than $5 million worth of computer equipment for manufacturing transistors, silicon diodes and photovoltaic devices to the Al Mansour factory, which was responsible for supplying the Iraqi rocket-launch site at Karbala, the SCUD-missile enhancement sites Al Hillah and Al Falluja, and a space-launch center at Al-Anbar. Iraq also received a loan for $7,673,500 from BNL (an Italian bank) to buy technology from Semetex for the fabrication of semiconductors for the State Establishment for Heavy Engineering Equipment, a procurement front for Iraq’s nuclear-weapons program. Semetex began operations in 1975. But according to records from California’s Secretary of State office, its corporate registration was suspended. Company appears to have ceased operations.(return to company index)