By Hillel Aron
By Joseph Tsidulko
By Patrick Range McDonald
By David Futch
By Hillel Aron
By Dennis Romero
By Jill Stewart
By Dennis Romero
CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
DEPARTMENT OF STATE
NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL
U.S. NUCLEAR WEAPONS LABORATORIES
Partial Source List:
(Number of foreign firms by country — note: Some of these firms receive substantial financial support from their governments):
GREAT BRITAIN: 24
SINGAPORE: 1 (Note: This company, KIM AL-KHALEEJ, also has links to Dubai.)
1992 hearing report and transcripts from the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs: United States Export Policy Toward Iraq Prior to Iraq’s Invasion of Kuwait.
Banca Nazionale del Lavoro records of letters of credit and loans issued to Iraq and its corporate exporters.
Reports of United Nations weapons inspectors (UNSCOM) provided to the U.S. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs.
Information from databases compiled by the Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control, a Washington D.C.–based nonprofit foundation that monitors the proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and missile technology.
News articles and op-eds written by Gary Milhollin, director of the Wisconsin Project.
Information from Iraq’s 1997 Full, Final and Complete Weapons Declaration to the U.N.–UNSCOM, provided by Gary Pitts, a Texas-based attorney suing a number of American and international companies who allegedly supplied Iraq with technology, materials and equipment for its chemical and biological weapons program. Pitts is representing approximately 3,500 Gulf War veterans allegedly suffering from Gulf War syndrome.
Research material and government documents compiled by Washington, D.C.–based National Security Archives, a nonprofit research group.
1995 letter from Dr. David Satcher, then the director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to U.S. Senator Donald Riegle (D-Michigan), chair of the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs. Letter detailed shipments of "viruses, retroviruses, bacteria and fungi" to Iraq by the CDC.
Information compiled by the Washington D.C.–based Institute for Science and International Security, a nonprofit, nonpartisan, public education and policy group.
Congressional testimony of Kenneth Timmerman, author of The Death Lobby: How the West Armed Saddam (1991).
Information from The Death Lobby: How the West Armed Saddam(1991), by Kenneth Timmerman.
Congressional statements by Representative Sam Gejdenson (D-Connecticut), Chair of the House Subcommittee of the Foreign Affairs Committee, 1991.
Congressional statements by Representative Henry Gonzalez (D-Texas), 1991, 1992.
Interviews with Gary Pitts.
Interviews with Andreas Zumach, a Swiss-based reporter for the Berlin newspaper Die Tageszeitung. Zumach was leaked portions of the 2002 Full, Final and Complete Weapons Declaration (UNMOVIC). Zumach published the list of weapons suppliers in a December 2002 series of articles.
Interviews with Jeff Hodges, a former investigator for the House of Representatives Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, chaired in 1991 by Representative John Dingell (D-Michigan).
Interview with Jim Tuite, a former investigator for the U.S. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs, chaired by U.S. Senator Donald Riegle (D-Michigan).
Interviews with government-based and other sources, who requested anonymity.
Web sites and corporate filings for listed companies.
Various other U.S. congressional hearing reports; congressional testimony; government reports; Department of Commerce records; Department of Agriculture records.
Various state-records databases, including information from various Secretary of State offices and Departments of Corporations.