By Hillel Aron
By Joseph Tsidulko
By Patrick Range McDonald
By David Futch
By Hillel Aron
By Dennis Romero
By Jill Stewart
By Dennis Romero
Photo by Leor Levine
Previous stop on river tour Downtown.
IN SOUTH L.A., WHERE THE CONCRETE RIVER CHANNEL EXPANDS TO FREEWAY width, the communities are among the city's poorest, least white, most heavily industrialized, absurdly park-deprived and basically environmentally besieged. The L.A. River Greenway will bring greenery, public space and connectedness to densely populated neighborhoods cut off by industry and manufacturing. It has passionate local advocates -- every single one of the eight cities from Maywood to the Pacific Ocean has launched restoration projects.
The south's very handicaps push it to be creative: Many of the projects model how to create green space from old rail routes, once-industrial lands, utility rights of way. The cities, with few truly big parks, are unusually connection-minded -- a number are using the greenway to anchor entire new networks of greenbelts and bikeways that connect one small park to another.
If generally poor, South L.A. still draws on key assets: newly repaved county bike paths along most of the river; the hugely energetic Trust for Public Land, which has made this underserved area one of its top priorities nationally; and a large pool of funds from the brand-new Rivers and Mountains Conservancy.
Vernon, "founded . . . to serve manufacturing," has 3.5 just heavenly miles of all-industrial riverfront. Alone in the south, the city (with only 155 full-time residents) has no plans to green the river.
The new 7.3-acre Maywood Riverfront Parkmore than doubles the existing park space -- 5.8 acres, two blocks' worth, for 30,000 people -- in a city that's park-deprived even by South L.A. standards. An industrial spot now being cleaned up, it's a grassy acre so far, with sports fields and a possible community center to come. (ETA rest, start 2002)
The Bell River Gateway Project(Bell has just 11 acres in parks) has created two formal planted entryways to the L.A. River Bikeway, and will add a third. (ETA 2002)
Cudahy (13 park acres for 27,000 people) plans to expand downtown Cudahy Parkwith ball fields, basketball courts and a river walkway. If it wins the funds it seeks to extend the greenway north to Bell, tiny Cudahy could be the first riverside city to green its entire stretch. (ETA 2002)
Bell Gardens technically has no L.A. River frontage, and the new Julia Russ Asmus Neighborhood Park-- with picnic tables, a playground and a basketball court -- doesn't connect to the river yet. But the city plans a spur from the park to a new bikeway, now an unused rail route, that'll bridge the 710 to connect the L.A. River Greenway/Bikeway to John Anson Ford Park on the Rio Hondo. (ETA 2003)
In one big visionary stroke, South Gate plans to connect and re-green the city across its entire width, by converting a barren DWP right of way into the six-mile Southern Avenue Greenbelt and Bikeway, which will run from a new 12-acre park past South Gate Parkand to the river. All the way, it'll have playgrounds, picnic areas, ball courts. (ETA start 2001) Right now, there's a new formal entrance to the river, and just-finished Triangle Park, a way station for bikers, offers shade and a fountain.
The county has been sprucing up the newly re-paved LARIO Trail-- a bikeway from the Rio Hondo to the harbor -- with native plants, decorative rocks and rest stops, and location maps to come. A sort of upside to the long-fought project that raised the levee walls here (see Watershed). (ETA finish 2001)
South Gate also plans a 7-acre habitat restoration, with native plants, a pond or wetland, and a loop dirt path from the river. (ETA 2002)
Of all the cities with riverfront, Lynwood has by far the smallest slice -- and it wants to use it to create the city's first nature park, with a pond and a walk/bike trail. It's got the construction funds in hand, and is pursuing negotiations to acquire the land from Caltrans. (ETA, if, 2002)
Hollydale Regional Parkis the northernmost of three long, narrow, grassy 1970s parks right by the river -- with new access ramps to the bikeway. South Gate wants to add formal river entrances here. It's got playgrounds, sports fields and basketball courts now, and it'll get a new community center and gym.
Ralph C. Dills Park-- formerly "Banana Park" -- has picnic tables, a playground, a basketball hoop, lots of grass. Paramount (with a scant 46 park acres) is converting a manufacturing site into an entrance and rest area for the park and the bikeway, and wants to build an entrance at the north end, too.
One hundred and two miles of concrete wall: A lot of people talk about murals on the river, but Paramount, one of L.A.'s smallest and least well-off cities, has commissioned the first. Artist Adel Rakhshani's painted whalesat Alondra Boulevard, sharksat Somerset Boulevard and a third mural to come at Rosecrans Avenue are arresting sights on a no-green stretch. (ETA 2001)
The last three miles of the river have an earth-and-cobblestone bed; as in the Glendale Narrows, the water table runs too close to the surface for a concrete cap. This soft-bottom stretch, a part-saltwater estuary, is full of greenery, and upriver, algae coats the superwide concrete channel all the way to the 105. Altogether, the stretch of green regularly hosts the largest concentration of shorebirds in L.A. County. The birds are easy to spot -- as many as 8,000 to 9,000 a day during fall migration -- and the black-necked stilts make a racket that rivals the truck traffic on the 710. You can see fish jump in the estuary. All of it is especially compelling at sunset.