selected Jon Hassell discography
1999 Fascinoma Water Lily Acoustics
1994 Dressing for Pleasure Warner Bros.
1990 City: Works of Fiction OpalWarner Bros.
1989 Flash of the Spirit Intuition (with Farafina)
1987 The Surgeon of the Nightsky Restores Dead Things by the Power of Sound Intuition
1986 Power Spot ECM
1983 Aka-Dabari-Java -- Magic Realism Editions E.G.
1981 Dream Theory in Malaya -- Fourth World Vol. 2 Editions E.G.
1980 Possible Musics -- Fourth World Vol. 1 Editions E.G. (with Brian Eno)
1979 Earthquake Island Tomato
1977 Vernal Equinox Lovely Music
1998 Primary Colors with Ry Cooder MCA
1997 The End of Violence with Ry Cooder Outpost
1995 Sulla Strada (1982) (theatrical score) Materiali Sonori
1993 Trespass with Ry Cooder SireWarner Bros.
1989 Passion (The Last Temptation of Christ) with Peter Gabriel RealWorld
1985 Birdy with Peter Gabriel Virgin
1998 Nomad Soul Baaba Maal Palm Pictures
1998 Little Plastic Castle Ani DiFranco Righteous Babe
1997 Drag k.d. Lang Warner Bros.
1996 Pink Noir David Toop Virgin
1995 Re-Entry Techno Animal Virgin
1993 And She Closed Her Eyes Stina Nordenstam East-West
1991 The Crocodile Smile Marc Beacco Nova
1991 Les Nouvelles Polyphonies Corses Philips
1986 Alchemy -- An Index of Possibilities David Sylvian Virgin
1984 Brilliant Trees David Sylvian Virgin
1982 Ambient #4 -- On Land Brian Eno Editions E.G.
1980 Remain in Light Talking Heads Sire
1973 Dream House LaMonte Young Shandar
1968 In C Terry Riley CBS
1997 Deep Orient #2: Musique de Nuit Nova track: Blues Nile
1996 Ocean of Sound Ambient 10 Virgin track: Empire III
1993 Eno 1 tracks: Chemistry, Courage
1993 Ambient 1 Virgin tracks: Delta Rain Dream, Gift of Fire
1993 Ai Confini Interzone New Tone track: Pygmy Dance
1993 Voiceprint: Jon Hassell vs. 808 State OpalWarner Bros. tracks: Voiceprint, Streetfaxx
1987 White Man Sleeps Kronos Quartet Nonesuch track: Pano da Costa
1986 La Nouvelle Serenite Sub Rosa track: Map of Dusk
1982 Womad: Music and Rhythm WEA track: Ba-Benzele
Since 1977, the Los Angeles--based composertrumpeter Jon Hassell has recorded 11 solo albums that blur the boundaries separating serious and popular music. Hes collaborated with an eclectic group of artists, including Brian Eno; Farafina, a traditional ensemble of drummers and dancers from Burkina Faso; director Peter Sellars; fashion designers Issey Miyake and Rei Kawakubo; choreographers Merce Cunningham and Alvin Ailey; and the Kronos Quartet.
Hassell is also the inventor of Fourth World, a hugely influential composed and improvised music that hybridizes African-derived polyrhythms, Indian microtonality and Balinese sonorities, melted through recombinant aesthetics made possible by digital technology. Quite often, Fourth World is none of the above. And lately, Hassell has explored the wonders of playing music absolutely straight.
Fourth World is not just a musical style but a way of viewing life itself, rooted in its creators past, in Memphis, Tennessee. My father had a cornet lying around the house, so I played that, used to lock myself in the bathroom, play Stormy Weather and stuff like that. I heard Stan Kenton on the radio, I heard Les Baxter, Duke Ellington and Juan Tizols Caravan, and Ravel -- a permanent Technicolor oasis in my spirit.
Hassell left the South for the Eastman School, where he studied composition and allied himself with the 12-tone types into Webern and Schoenberg and Berg, et al. After a stint in the Army, he earned a masters in composition and nearly completed his Ph.D. in musicology at Catholic University of America. But by then hed discovered Berio and Stockhausen, and I just had to find out where these blocks of notes were going. He went to Cologne to study with Stockhausen, from whom Hassell learned a lot about the wherefores and could-bes of electronic music. I saw how one applied statistical means; there were exercises where youd notate short-wave radio bits, youd see how scores were constructed. Stockhausen started a different point of view: Instead of building sounds up by defining all the parameters, start with the whole and then infer the parts of that whole.
Returning to America, Hassell met Terry Riley, who was at that time recording his classic In C. This was Hassells first contact with American Minimalism, whose mesmerizing repeated figures brought him home to something hed missed: sensuality. I remember Terry calling all of that other music over there, the post-Webern things, neurotic. And it was so self-evident -- this is the sound of Freud in Vienna, and Schiele and all that. Hassells a subsequent work with LaMonte Young found him further exploring minimalistic music that reconciled the body, mind and spirit, a vertical way of playing and listening to mutating structures created by overtones in flux.