Whats left of his vision looms over the National Cemetery in Westwood: the Statue of Liberty, arm upraised, but from the chest down, the colors fade to flat off-white, the robes and pedestal unfinished. McNeilly was interrupted midwork by the arrival of police. "I had the perfect idea for a mural of the Statue of Liberty directly across from the National Cemetery to be completed around Memorial Day," McNeilly fumed during a recent interview. "But Mike Feuer called the Building and Safety Office on me, and they in turn called the cops." A short time later, McNeilly received a subpoena in the mail.
His project, it turned out, had landed him in the crossfire of a growing debate over the proliferation of outsize art across the city. To some, like Councilman Feuer, the tall-wall signs, especially the latest generation of "supergraphics" computer-generated images printed on sheets of vinyl mesh and hung on the sides of high-rise buildings are a nuisance, an assault on already-saturated urban sensibilities. To commercial entrepreneurs, its a matter of dollars tall walls are an unparalleled vehicle for reaching a mass audience with a simple, pointed message. To McNeilly, its a question of freedom.
"This is a First Amendment case clear and simple," McNeilly said, his outrage tempered by a sense of mischief. "There are a handful of L.A. bureaucrats making decisions as to what thousands of building owners can do with their property."
In that, McNeilly is half right. City building officials make efforts to enforce current statutes regarding outdoor signs, and on occasion that means taking action against advertisers and building owners. But the signs are spreading faster than inspectors can track on Sunset Boulevard, down La Brea Avenue, on the Miracle Mile, in South L.A. and into downtown. "Theres no way we can keep on top of all the supergraphics," said Jim Kaprielian, assistant chief of the Building and Safety inspection division.
McNeilly became a special case when Feuer personally pressed building and safety to move against him. McNeilly was served with an order to cease, and when he refused, he was charged with failing to respond to a city order.
There is no consensus that the city should keep on top of the supergraphics and other mega-signs. Razzle-dazzle graphics have helped make the Sunset Strip a landmark of sorts, and many Angelenos look forward to seeing smart images brighten ing bare walls in every corner of the city. To Deborah Sussman, co-founder of Sussman Prejza environmental graphic design, supergraphics should fall under the category of public art, not public nuisance. Theyre a trend thats catching on across the globe, she said, "New York, Paris, Tokyo"; and Los Angeles is the natural capital of the movement. "L.A. is an automobile city," Sussman noted. "People need landmarks, a place that everyone can recognize. Supergraphics do just that."
And Sussmans opinions could count for a lot, especially in Hollywood. Her company, which operates under the motto "Out of the museum and into the streets," is in the running for a contract to write rules governing public signs in the Hollywood Entertainment District, covering much of the fabled Boulevard.
Even in Hollywood, however, the sprouting of giant signs on the sides of prominent buildings is generating vigorous opposition. "The city should set up a visual-pollution tax for these things," declared activist Gerald Schneiderman. "Tax them out of existence, thats the answer."
Schneiderman is himself a developer who also serves as de facto critic-in-residence for the Community Redevelopment Agency and the MTA, two of the biggest players in the current Hollywood renaissance. He has a more direct interest in supergraphics than most: One window of his own office is currently shaded by a supergraphic ad for Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me. The sign is see-through, like those now covering some city buses, but the mesh filters out about half the exterior light. Schneiderman grouses that his office is more dingy than before, but acknowledges that he enjoys the cooler atmosphere that results.
Other critics focus on the invasion of public space, and the masking of conventional architecture, that the supergraphics represent. Robert Nudelman, president of the preservationist group Hollywood Heritage, considers the current surge of billboards and supergraphics throughout the district as, simply, "blight."
"Just look at the Metro subway stations due to open along Hollywood Boulevard," Nudelman says. "The first thing passengers will see when exiting the terminal are the new billboards built across the street."
Still, when it comes to spectacular sign age, some see beauty where others see visual pollution even some of the architects who design the buildings the signs tend to obscure. "I dont have a problem with supergraphics that cover empty wall space," said Neil Denari, director of the Southern California Institute of Architecture. "Every medium, from buses to buildings, could be thought of as a potential vehicle for advertising," he said. In fact, Denari is looking forward to more eye-catching signs, and to buildings built to display them. "The Ginza district in Tokyo is a good example," he said. "We could install permanent glass façades on a buildings exterior to have various ads projected onto them, with moving images and everything."