By Catherine Wagley
By Catherine Wagley
By Wendy Gilmartin
By Jennifer Swann
By Claire de Dobay Rifelj
By L.A. Weekly critics
By Catherine Wagley
By Zachary Pincus-Roth
Pity the critic, if you will, if you can, who must spend his days thinking long and hard on other people's real work. Unlike the artist's celebrated life of garrets and galas, there is nothing glamorous or romantic about his sublunary vocation: Hollywood has yet to produce a film in which a brilliant young reviewer struggles against crippling odds to write the perfect, perfectly considered, perfectly effective review. When the movies make a critic, it's an Addison De Witt, or a Waldo Lydecker - self-promoting, self-important, evil, effete. "Even ordinary citizens," writes Dave Hickey, who makes his living writing about art, and teaching other people how to write about art, "when they discover you're a critic, respond as they would to a mortuary cosmetician - vaguely repelled by what you do yet infinitely curious as to how you came to be doing it."
"Air guitar" - "flurries of silent, sympathetic gestures with nothing at their heart but the memory of the music" - is Hickey's understandably embarrassed metaphor for the trade he ambivalently plies, and it's an idea he likes enough to have made it the title of Air Guitar: Essays on Art & Democracy, a wide-ranging collection of pieces largely reprinted from the magazine Art Issues. Criticism, contends Hickey, is "the weakest thing you can do in writing . . . It produces no knowledge, states no facts, and never stands alone . . . It's a loser's game, and everybody knows it." A loser's game that Hickey nevertheless continues to play. This volume, which covers "the deep background of everything I have ever written," is offered as a kind of explanation as to why Hickey continues to play that game.
Steeped in reminiscence and treating a range of phenomena from Perry Mason ("Just the fictional probability of being presumed innocent in those fat, nervous, distrustful times was a big deal") to custom cars ("my first glimmerings of higher theory arose out of that culture") to basketball ("civilized complexity incarnate") to Liberace, lady wrestlers and the levitating white tigers of Siegfried and Roy, these essays together form an incidental portrait of the art critic as cool guy with a life. Though the prose now and again thickens into clinical artspeak ("Cezanne destroys the 300-year-old syntactical tense structure of painterly practice, suppressing the inference of the past, or remoteness from the factual present, that is intrinsic to the illusionistic image, insisting on the priority of the present object over the past image"), the tone overall is conversationally breezy and enthusiastic, not above a "Yikes!" or "Eek!" or a "stone fantastic."
The book opens with twin epigrams, from Keith Richards ("Let me be clear about this: I don't have a drug problem, I have a police problem") and Tristram Shandy: "I have undertaken, you see, to write not only my life, but my opinions also; hoping and expecting that your knowledge of my character, and of what kind of a mortal I am, by the one, would give you a better relish of the other." Like many critics, Hickey originally set out to do something else (anything else); unlike many critics, he actually has - and he'd like you to know it. The scope of his allusions, and his actual practical knowledge of such diverse crafts as car customizing, songwriting, gambling, professional rhythm-guitar playing and running a small business, are what give the book its flavor and authority.
Weaned in "the cacophonous, postwar milieu that gave birth to bebop" - his father was a jazz musician, his upbringing "unruled and unruly" - Hickey grew up to spend important time in "record stores, honky-tonks, art bars, hot-rod shops, recording studios, commercial art galleries, city rooms, jazz clubs, cocktail lounges, surf shops, bookstores, rock & roll bars, editorial offices, discos and song factories," any of which he clearly prefers to the faculty lounge or the museum. In the late '60s, he ditched "the hothouse babble of graduate school" to open a gallery and in the process came to see "the big, beautiful art market as an embodied discourse of democratic values" and art as "a betting sport," animated by risk, trust and community support - "the raw investment of attention." His book-jacket photo, which dates from those days, shows him sporty, in rather a Belmondo mode, the dealer as free man.
In his opinions Hickey is passionate (he indulges liberally in italics) but not obstreperous; indeed, these pages are overall wonderfully cheerful, and he's the first to say "What do I know?" At the same time, even while shying from the critic's "implicit aspiration to timeless authority," he is given to broad, bold, cheeky overstatement: He declares that "art doesn't matter"; that, apart from jazz and rock & roll, the 20th century is just "term papers and advertising"; that "all the volumes of Proust were nothing, quantitatively, compared to the 20-minute experience of eating breakfast on a spring morning at a Denny's in Mobile" - provocative strokes that function as a writerly equivalent of turning the amp up to 10 to get the kids up and dancing.
Because "participation," to Hickey, is all; it's what's separates the players from "the looky-loos," the guitarists from the air guitarists. He envisions art ideally as "a mode of social discourse, a participatory republic, an accumulation of small, fragile, social occasions that provide the binding agent of fugitive communities," yet the present state of the arts, particularly the tenured, academic art world in which he has for a decade labored (he sold out for the health insurance, he swears), he finds hopelessly sclerotic: "In place of the tumultuous forum, we have the incestuous cloister, and in place of customized art, we have an academic art, which, like the commercial, courtly, religious and official art of yesteryear, is content to advertise its pre-approved corporate values and agendas." And so, he writes,
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